Paul Ivano, a cinematographer whose credits ranged from Rudolph Valentino films through some of television’s most popular series, has died. He was 83 years old. Mr. Ivano, who helped film the acclaimed chariot race in the silent-film version of ”Ben Hur,” died April 9 in the Motion Picture and Television Hospital, it was announced Thursday. He began as a photographer with the United States Army in his native France in 1918. Two years later he was named director for ”The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse,” the first of five films he made starring Valentino. Over the years, he frequently worked with Alla Nazimova, the silent-screen star, and with the directors King Vidor and Frank Borzage.